Today, 45 years ago, the second phase of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, called “Attila II”, began.
It was shortly after 4:30 in the morning of August 14, 1975, when, following the collapse of the Geneva talks, Turkish troops launched their second barbaric attack, which lasted three days. The result was the occupation of 36.2% of Cypriot territories – including Famagusta, Karpasia, and Morfou – and displace 120,000 Cypriots.
August 14, 1974 marks the end of Turkey’s crime against Cyprus and Hellenism.
Invasion of Cyprus: ‘Aise should go on vacation’
A few hours before the invasion, the Turks demanded in Geneva talks to evacuate 34% of Cyprus’ territory. When talks fell into disrepair, Turkey put Plan B ahead.
The Turkish Foreign Minister Turan Güneş had said to the Prime Minister Bülent Ecevit, “When I say ‘Ayşe[a] should go on vacation’ (Turkish: “Ayşe Tatile Çıksın”), it will mean that our armed forces are ready to go into action. Even if the telephone line is tapped, that would rouse no suspicion.” An hour and a half after the conference broke up, Turan Güneş called Ecevit and spoke the code phrase.
“Cyprus is a long way off”
At dawn of August 14th the second phase of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus began. “Attila II” launched Turkish troops from Nicosia east to Mia Milia, Kythrea, Mesauria, Famagusta and west to Morfou.
Cyprus President Makarios condemned Turkish barbarism and called on the international community to respond to the atrocities committed while Glafkos Clerides returned from Geneva to Cyprus. Greek Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis made the famous statement “Cyprus is a long way off”, demonstrating Greece’s inability to help Cyprus. Greece left NATO, and the UN Security Council callrd for a ceasefire.
Occupation of 36% of the territory of Cyprus
By August 16th, Attila II managed to capture Morphou and Famagusta. By 18:00 the Turkish army had drawn the “Attila” line and despite the admonitions agreed to a cease-fire only when it completed the violent occupation of 36% of the territory of the Republic of Cyprus.
Kyrenia, Karpasia, Pentadactylus, Morphou, Messoria, and Famagusta were now in the hands of the barbarians strewn with the dead, missing, prisoners, and refugees. Cyprus was never the same.